Archive for the 'psychology' Category

Sex, Lies and Data Mining


“Ogas and Gaddam purport to have discovered in this data — with the aid of sex research, evolutionary psychology and comments posted on pornography hubs and other Web sites — “the finite set of sexual cues” (analogous to the five different taste cues our tongues can discern) hard-wired into our neural circuitry that “activate our desire software.”

Their breakdown is simple. Men like pornography. Women like romance novels. (…)”



Stumbling Into Bad Behavior


“(…)participants who faced a potential fine cheated more, not less, than those who faced no sanctions. With no penalty, the situation was construed as an ethical dilemma; the penalty caused individuals to view the decision as a financial one.
When we fail to notice that a decision has an ethical component, we are able to behave unethically while maintaining a positive self-image. No wonder, then, that our research shows that people consistently believe themselves to be more ethical than they are. ”
in The New York Times

Why we overestimate our competence


“We’ve all seen it: the employee who’s convinced she’s doing a great job and gets a mediocre performance appraisal, or the student who’s sure he’s aced an exam and winds up with a D.”

in American Psychological Association

See also The Dunning-Kruger Effect — our incompetence masks our ability to recognize our incompetence

Inoculation Against Stereotype


“New research provides evidence that female instructors may be key to encouraging talented female STEM students to stay in those disciplines.”

Como a rápida Internet está a conquistar o cérebro aos vagarosos livros


“É só mais uma desculpa para não ler ou é para levar a sério? A Internet está a mudar-nos o cérebro, isso é certo, mas estará a interferir com a nossa capacidade de ler? O grande problema, diz um neurologista português, é que as pessoas não têm consciência das transformações que se estão a viver.”
in Público.

John Cleese on the Origin of Creativity


John Cleese on the Origin of Creativity
in Open Culture

The Dunning-Kruger Effect — our incompetence masks our ability to recognize our incompetence


“People who do things badly are usually supremely confident of their abilities―more confident, in fact, than people who do things well.”
David Dunning, Cornell University

O artigo original:
Unskilled and Unaware of It: How Difficulties of Recognizing One’s Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-assessments,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1999, vol. 77, no. 6, pp. 1121-1134.

Um artigo de 6 de Fevereiro de 2000 no New York Times.

Um novo artigo que volta a este tema, agora com uma pequena entrevista com um dos autores: David Dunning.