Archive for the 'psychology' Category

Sex, Lies and Data Mining

2011/07/31

“Ogas and Gaddam purport to have discovered in this data — with the aid of sex research, evolutionary psychology and comments posted on pornography hubs and other Web sites — “the finite set of sexual cues” (analogous to the five different taste cues our tongues can discern) hard-wired into our neural circuitry that “activate our desire software.”

Their breakdown is simple. Men like pornography. Women like romance novels. (…)”

in http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/31/books/review/a-billion-wicked-thoughts-by-ogi-ogas-and-sai-gaddam-book-review.html?_r=1&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha26

Stumbling Into Bad Behavior

2011/04/27

“(…)participants who faced a potential fine cheated more, not less, than those who faced no sanctions. With no penalty, the situation was construed as an ethical dilemma; the penalty caused individuals to view the decision as a financial one.
When we fail to notice that a decision has an ethical component, we are able to behave unethically while maintaining a positive self-image. No wonder, then, that our research shows that people consistently believe themselves to be more ethical than they are. ”
in The New York Times

Why we overestimate our competence

2011/03/14

“We’ve all seen it: the employee who’s convinced she’s doing a great job and gets a mediocre performance appraisal, or the student who’s sure he’s aced an exam and winds up with a D.”

in American Psychological Association

See also The Dunning-Kruger Effect — our incompetence masks our ability to recognize our incompetence

Inoculation Against Stereotype

2011/03/05

“New research provides evidence that female instructors may be key to encouraging talented female STEM students to stay in those disciplines.”
in www.insidehighered.com

Como a rápida Internet está a conquistar o cérebro aos vagarosos livros

2010/11/03

“É só mais uma desculpa para não ler ou é para levar a sério? A Internet está a mudar-nos o cérebro, isso é certo, mas estará a interferir com a nossa capacidade de ler? O grande problema, diz um neurologista português, é que as pessoas não têm consciência das transformações que se estão a viver.”
in Público.

John Cleese on the Origin of Creativity

2010/09/27

John Cleese on the Origin of Creativity
in Open Culture

The Dunning-Kruger Effect — our incompetence masks our ability to recognize our incompetence

2010/09/27

“People who do things badly are usually supremely confident of their abilities―more confident, in fact, than people who do things well.”
David Dunning, Cornell University

O artigo original:
Unskilled and Unaware of It: How Difficulties of Recognizing One’s Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-assessments,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1999, vol. 77, no. 6, pp. 1121-1134.

Um artigo de 6 de Fevereiro de 2000 no New York Times.

Um novo artigo que volta a este tema, agora com uma pequena entrevista com um dos autores: David Dunning.